THE HISTORY OF ENAMEL
In Egypt and in Greece, since the VI century B.C, jewellery is enhanced with enamels. The Celtics, at the III century, fired enamels on a bronze base. In the middle age, enamel is very successfull in the Western countries. The monastics craftmen made cloisonné on gold. Around the X century, and until nowadays, the copper is substituted for the gold and enamelling bacame very popular because of the School of Limoges.
WHAT IS ENAMEL?
Enamel is a mixture of silicium, potas, sodium, oxydes...which looks like more cristal than glass.
HOW THESE JEWELRY IS MADE?
The piece is drawn onto the copper base then cut and hammered. Enamels are placed on the copper then fired at 900°in a special kiln. Many firings are necessary to obtain this beautiful transparent quality. The gold powder placed delicatly on enamel is fired at 700° and that is the last phase of this firing stage.